Neuropathy is a general term signifying disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional shortages are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in numerous cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing irritating elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools etc. Surgery is also an alternative and is most typically alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already occurred if signs not eased by this method. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some kinds like Mononeuropathies are reversible however many are irreversible. Strict control of blood sugar levels to slow check here the more progression is of paramount importance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine along with it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.